There are four many principles that nature-based solutions should follow. Here we break them down:
1. They should not be used in place of emission cuts – nature-based solutions, although a powerful solution, should not be used as an alternative to cutting emissions. They should be used in parallel with emission reduction policies.
2. The conservation and protection of existing ecosystems should be at their heart – protecting some of the world’s most vital ecosystems is as important as reforesting already degraded areas.
3. Always be socially responsible – true sustainability can only happen when local communities are fully engaged and benefit from the social, economic and ecological factors these ecosystems provide. Indigenious peoples need to be fully engaged and involved with decisions regarding their land with full respect shown to their rights and leadership.
4. And finally be ecologically responsible – NbS need to be founded on rigorous ecological principles that respect the native biodiversity of the area.