Peatland Protection, Rimba Raya

The Rimba Raya Biodiversity Reserve project is protecting one of the most highly endangered ecosystems in the world. Without this project, the carbon-rich, peatland forest of Rimba Raya would have been turned into palm oil estates, emitting over 100 million tonnes of carbon into the atmosphere. Instead, the project is protecting the land and working with local communities to achieve all 17 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Please note: The Indonesian government is currently reviewing the future licence of this project, however, Earthly is trading an older vintage of credits which are not impacted by these discussions. We believe in the great work and positive impact this project has achieved and are monitoring any updates closely. (May 2024)


£ 7.5 /tonne

CO2 Tonnes

Project information

Rimba Raya

Developed by InfiniteEARTH in 2009, Rimba Raya protects over 640 square kilometers (250 square miles) of High Conservation Value (HCV) tropical peat forest, with over 350 million tonnes of carbon stored in their peat domes. The measurable contribution to emission avoidance is the equivalent of removing one million cars from the world’s highways every year for the next 30 years!

As well as playing a huge role in climate mitigation, peatlands are home to rare organisms found nowhere else, and they contribute to reducing floods, droughts and wildfires, all expected to increase as the climate changes. This project is committed to proactively working with local communities to not only preserve the peatland and surrounding wildlife, but to support sustainable development and ensure people and nature can survive and thrive into the future.

Rimba raya location on map


Peatland protection


Indonesian Borneo





Sustainable Goals

  • no poverty
  • zero hunger
  • good health
  • quality education
  • gender equality
  • clean water
  • clean energy
  • economic growth
  • infrastructure
  • reduced inequality
  • sustainable cities
  • responsible consumption
  • climate action
  • life below water
  • life on land
  • peace justice
  • partnerships

Project performance

The Earthly rating

The Earthly rating is the industry-first holistic project assessment. Earthly researchers analyse 106 data points, aggregating information across the three vital pillars of carbon, biodiversity and people. Projects in Earthly's marketplace all exceed a minimum score of 5/10.



Tonnes of CO2e prevented from being released



Critically Endangered or Endangered species protected



People with improved healthcare

Project impact

Local impact

Rimba Raya gif

The image depicts the extent of deforestation and forest loss within and near the designated project zone since 2005. The project management zone is delineated by a white outline, with the carbon accounting area marked by a gray outline. Forest loss is observed across the entire area, occurring both before and after the project start date. However, the majority of the forest loss is taking place outside the boundaries of the project area. This may suggest that the project is effectively safeguarding the forest from potential deforestation.

Project area: through time

Carbon emissions from peatland degradation currently contributes to a whopping 5% of global anthropogenic emissions. As the largest natural store of carbon on land, it is essential that we protect peatlands like Rimba Raya from conversion for agriculture such as palm oil while working with local communities on alternative sustainable development opportunities, however peatlands are underrepresented in carbon markets.

The forest change within the project area is primarily a result of fires that have occurred within the same region. In the past decades, fires have been a recurring issue in the project area and the nearby park due to the practices of palm oil plantations operating within the project zone. During dry periods, these fires have periodically spread throughout the project area.

Great for Earth

As much as 85 percent of Indonesia’s carbon emissions come from deforestation and land use change. This project is helping to avoid and reduce emissions by stopping the conversion of tropical peatland forest into palm oil plantations. As well as protecting 47,000 Hectares of peatland, community training and awareness campaigns paired with significant investment in fire prevention and suppression is helping to reduce habitat loss and emissions from fires.

The Rimba Raya Biodiversity Reserve collaborates closely with the Orangutan Foundation International (OFI) to actively conserve these charismatic great apes. Palm oil is the leading cause of orangutan extinction, where it is estimated that every year 1,000 - 5,000 orangutans are killed by palm oil concessions. The Reserve is now a critical buffer zone between palm oil and one of the last populations of wild orangutans on Earth.

Not only paying attention to the land, the project also works with communities in fishing villages along the Seruyan River to encourage sustainable fishing practices and carry out community clean-ups, removing 5.7 tonnes of garbage from the area so far. Along the coastal area of the project, the planting of 55,350 mangrove seeds is also providing habitat for young fish, reducing the damage of storms, and helping to sequester more carbon which would otherwise be in our atmosphere. The program also helps to generate income - in particular for people of Sungai Bakau who work mainly as fishermen and farmers.

Positive for People

Money earned by the Rimba Raya Biodiversity Reserve project supports livelihood programmes in surrounding villages. The programme uses the Sustainable Development Goals to identify priorities for local communities, resulting in extensive programmes across employment, education, energy, health and equality.

The project addresses all levels from education to employment. To support literacy, all children are provided school resources like books, stationary, school bags through an Education Fund and scholarships are provided to high achieving children from low income families. To develop skills the project gives communities access to technology like drones, computers and generators, and provides on-the-job training in enterprises like farming. To date, the project has created 52 positions, directly hiring local villagers including 17 women.

Micro-enterprises and community initiatives support entrepreneurship and decent job creation as well as increasing the income of all households bordering the project. The project started a women’s COOP empowering women to develop initiatives and micro-enterprises like Zuper Shrimp Paste, Chicken and Egg farming, The Salted Fish micro-enterprises and Traditional Handicrafts.

Investment in health and clean energy is another key focus, which has led to the distribution of 300 water filters to villages alongside 3 community-wide filtration systems, the construction of a small-scale solar power plant and provision of individual solar lanterns to every household, a floating clinic providing access to healthcare in every village - particularly those in more remote regions - and a program providing reading glasses to those in need.

The project is also committed to generating awareness and promoting accountability in their work, releasing a periodic newsletter, ‘Seeds of Change’, providing updates on Climate, Community & Biodiversity initiatives maintained by the project, including on-the-ground interviews.

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